How to check fragmentation of all indexes in a database

It has been told multiple times how index maintenance is important for a healthy database. Here’s one of my tricks – a quick script to check all indexes within a database. It uses DMF sys.dm_db_index_physical stats, which is available since SQL Server 2005. Quick glance into Books Online gives the basic syntax:

	{ database_id | NULL | 0 | DEFAULT }, 
	{ object_id | NULL | 0 | DEFAULT }, 
	{ index_id | NULL | 0 | -1 | DEFAULT }, 
	{ partition_number | NULL | 0 | DEFAULT },
	{ mode | NULL | DEFAULT }

However, the output provided by this DMF is not easily readable (see for yourself Szeroki uśmiech), so it would be good just to make more user-friendly. Here’s my proposition:

	s.[name] AS [Schema], 
	o.[name] AS [Table], 
	ips.index_type_desc AS [Index Type], 
	i.[name] AS [Index Name], 
	i.is_primary_key AS [Primary Key], 
	i.is_unique AS [Unique], 
	i.fill_factor AS [Fill factor], 
FROM sys.dm_db_index_physical_stats(DB_ID(), NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL) ips
	INNER JOIN sys.objects o ON ips.object_id = o.object_id
	INNER JOIN sys.schemAS s ON o.schema_id = s.schema_id
	INNER JOIN sys.indexes i ON i.object_id = ips.object_id 
	AND i.index_id = ips.index_id

And a sample result you can get by running it against Adventure Works:


You can narrow it down by providing a table name as a second parameter to sys.dm_db_index_physical stats, but it must be preceded with a schema name (e.g. OBJECT_ID(N‘Person.Address’) ). Or, if you want to check several tables, and a WHERE clause and filter them. Finally, you can also use it in your index maintenance routine to select which indexes should be rebuilt, which should be reorganized and which don’t need a maintenance; instead of simply rebuilding them all.


One thought on “How to check fragmentation of all indexes in a database

  1. Pingback: How to find potential missing indexes in a database « Yet another SQL Server DBA…

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s